AN PROJECT

ON

BUILDING SCIENCE AND ARCHITECTURE

(BLD 205)

Topic:

HISTORICAL POINT OF VIEW OF SETTINGS OF BUILDING OF PROPERTIES OF THE PURSUING PEOPLE: BABYLONIANS

GREEKS

ASSYRIANS

EGYPTIANS

AVENTURE

USING RELEVANT SKETCHES AND ILLUSTRATIONS, DESCRIBE HOW PEOPLE ACROSS THE REGION OF THE WORLD USE BUILDING ENVELOPE TO ACHIEVE INTERNAL COMFORT AND EASE.

SECTION OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGY

FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT

OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY.

APR, 2012.

STRUCTURE IN ANCIENT BABYLON.

ZIGGURAT OF YOUR, BABYLON.

The earliest large-scale structures for which facts survives had been found in historical Mesopotamia. The smaller dwellings only survive in traces of foundations, nevertheless the later civilisations built extremely sizeable set ups in the kinds of palaces, temples or wats and ziggurats and got particular proper care to build these people out of materials that last, that has ensured that all considerable parts have continued to be intact. Key technical achievements is proved by the building of great towns such as Uruk and Ur. The Ziggurat of Your is a highly skilled building from the period, inspite of major reconstruction work. Another fine example is the ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil in modern Iran. MATERIALS

The chief building materials was the dirt brick, shaped in wood made moulds. Bricks varied extensively in size and format from small bricks that could be raised in one hands to kinds as big as huge paving slabs. Rectangular and square bricks were both common. They were laid in virtually every bonding pattern you can possibly imagine and combined with considerable class. Drawings endure on clay tablets via later periods showing that buildings were set out upon brick modules. By 3500 BC, bricks were being terminated and enduring records demonstrate a very intricate division of time into distinct tasks and trades. Your life in general was governed simply by complex practice and this prolonged to traditions for setting-out buildings and moulding the first bricks. Contrary to popular belief the arch has not been invented by Romans, but was used in these civilizations. The later Mesopotamian civilizations, specifically Babylon and thence Susa, developed glazed brickwork to a very high degree, decorating the interiors and exteriors with their buildings with glazed brick reliefs, instances of which survive in the Tehran archaeological art gallery, the Louvre Museum in Paris plus the Pergamon Art gallery in Bremen. CONSTRUCTION IN ANCIENT PORTUGAL

The ancient Greeks, just like the Egyptians as well as the Mesopotamians, were known to build almost all of their prevalent buildings out of mud brick, going out of no record behind them. Even so very many constructions do make it through, some of which happen to be in a very good state of repair, although some have been partially reconstructed or perhaps re-erected in the modern era. The most dramatic will be the Greek Temples. No hardwood structures survive (roofs, flooring surfaces etc . ), so each of our knowledge of how these were come up with is solely conjectural. The spans are, in the main, limited and recommend very simple column and post structures comprising stone surfaces. Before 600 B. C. E. the now renowned ancient Greek temples or wats were created of wooden, but after this date began to be built of stone. The process of a hardwood structure becoming repeated in stone is named petrification or perhaps " scared carpentry". Flames clay was mainly limited to roofing tiles and associated decorations, but these were quite elaborate. Terminated bricks were not commonly used. Very dominant buildings were roofed in stone tiles, which mimicked the form of their terracotta alternatives. While later on cultures tended to construct their stone complexes with slender skins of finished pebbles over trash cores, the Greeks were known to build out of large slice blocks, joined with metal cramps. This was a slow, costly and mind-numbing process which will limited the number of buildings which can be constructed. The metal cramping often failed through corrosion. Building set ups used an easy beam and column program without vaults or arches, which primarily based strict...