Phase 1

1 ) 1 Traditional Malay theater in Malaysia

Malaysia has located the earlier lifestyle in Southeast Asia which in turn under Hinduism cultural process. The art of theatre in the east coast of Malay Peninsula was imported through the zugezogener between Thailand and Malaya. Beside, large population of Chinese and Indian moved to this land for sector benefits when ever Malaysia was ruled by simply European countries. The impact of Western colonised and adaption among different ethnic groups can be seen through the music, dance, foodstuff, and other art works. (Eddin, 2009, pg. 104) Malay movie theater in Malaya such as Makyong, Wayang Kulit, and Menora dance was obviously a dying intangible culture heritage which is untouchable. It might contain intense perception system, understanding, skills, movement and id representation (UNESCO). Through social derived and cultural program, Animism, Shamanism, Hinduism Yoga and Islam beliefs features merged in to the traditional Malay theatre. Consider: 1 . Hidden being such as gods, minor deities, demon and strige, genii, state of mind and so on may posses to their body. 2 . The undetectable being has a important role in the theatre overall performance. 3. Negative and positive spirits (invisible being) are ever-present inside the environment which always have a connection with the man, the soul might be the condition causers pertaining to human being. 5. The spirit of human might be bitten or stolen by state of mind with consequent possession, weak point, disease or perhaps other adverse results. your five. The orders with the state of mind only can be made by certain individual who provides the mystical expertise. 6. A faith in the function of theatrical shows as remedies (Sarwar Yousof, 1992, pg. 169) 1 . 2 Exploration places

This kind of research is done in Machang in Kelantan.

1 ) 3 Introduction of Menora

Menora may also be known as Nora Chatri/Manohra/manora. Menora is known as a dance theater that had been performed actively within the both side of the Malaysian-Thai border. It is mainly present in the north Malay Peninsula (Kedah, Pulau Pinang, and Kelantan) as well as the south a part of Thailand (Phattalung, Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Songkhla, Trang and Patani) (Sooi Beng, 1997). Menora, the word, have many diverse definitions. One of the definition was derived from the name of Manohara (half woman, 1 / 2 bird) inside the Sudhana-Manohara tale (a heroine Jatakas tale) (Ginsberg, 1957). Menora is usually an adaption genre which usually absorbs the element of Makyong and Wayang kulit while using combination of Hindu-Buddhism belief, move, music, storytelling and shamanism element. Menora can be performed pertaining to ritual purpose or solely for entertainment and both are distinct. Inside the ritual overall performance, Menora stand as a purpose for satisfying a promise to whom which have been celebrated for the attainment of maturity either as a Menora dancer or an individual whom is definitely not associated with the Menora. Menora practice performances may also be arranged pertaining to giving due to spirits specifically during the Buddhist celebration of Wesak. Non-ritual performances are mostly performed intended for wedding, open public fair (pesta), anniversary party of serenidad and countrywide celebrations (Bee Saik, 2004, pg. 42).

1 . 4 The origin of Menora

The origin of Menora still remains to be in a strange. In Siamese community, Menora's origin normally was said from the area of Nakhon Si Thammarat or Ligor. However , the people of Kelantan, Kedah, or south Asia admitted that they can do not know when and how the Menora made an appearance.

According to Ghurlam Sarwar Yousof " Pangung Semar” (1992), Menora was started out from a Siamese's fantasy. A California king, Thau A Thit contains a beautiful child named Mesi Mala. Mesi Mala started to be ill and refused to have and beverage when the lady was little. However , Mesi Mala was inspired simply by coconut-shell drum-beating and produced a group to children to experience the drum-beating coconut-shell. Thau A Thit was worried about Mesi Mala's behavior and looked pertaining to shaman to get cure. The shamanist encouraged the king to expelled Mesi Equivocada and her...