WORD THAT MEANS AND IMPRESSION RELATIONS

What constitutes a sentence in your essay in any provided Language is a combination of words and phrases in a systematic manner. Of course , this must be meaningful by least in a " cultural mass which usually at any given moment creates its value (De Saussure in Akwanya 2002: 49) Note that it tends toward syntax which gives/assigns that means to a selection of words in acceptable style of blend in a Language.

Sense regards as noted by Agbedo (2000: 152) show. " The perception of a expression reveals by itself through the contact of which means which the expression contracts to words in the language”. Semantic relations of those types will be well-defined and systematic. Since the word is among the most significant product of morphological analysis, there should be a way that relate with others within the system known as Language with regards to its that means. The ways will be as follows; it based on the works of Agbedo and Akwanya. (i)Homophony

(ii)Synonymy

(iii)Hyponymy

(iv)Opposites

(v)Polysemy

(vi)Semantic Field Theory

(vii)Componential Analysis

1 . Homophony: A sense relation in which a word is pronounced like another nevertheless different in meaning, spelling or origins is homophony. Examples happen to be, Sun/son, some/sum, bale/bail, tail/tale, gate/gait, break/brake, red/read, bred/bread, flair/flare, buy/by/bye, know/no. Some times two differently phrases are spelt alike but are pronounced in another way, for example , lead/led, lead/li: d/ 2 . Synonymy: According to palmer (1976: 50) Synonymy is used to mean " sameness of meaning Akwanya sees Identifiable words since " several phonological terms having similar meanings”. Ordinarily it is very straightforward but it is very difficult to find excellent synonyms in English. The sole example regarding this is " adder” and " Vipper”. Akwanya referred to it because " identity”. This situation has led to emergence of two significant interpretations of the word Synonymy: Absolute Synonymy: This happens when the two phrases are interchangeable in all contexts without any change in the degree of semantic normality. For Ullman " (Agbedo 2000: 152) only those terms can be described as Synonymous which can replace each other in different given context without the slightest change either in cognitive or emotive import” It if used will mean that Synonymy will not obtain at all. Akwanya's " Adder” and " viper” example can also be knocked away. Lyons in Agbaedo (1968) rejects this position saying " … That they combine to radically diverse criteria and prejudges the question of the inter dependence” Descriptive Synonymy: Addititionally there is what we can easily describe as detailed Synonymy. This kind of happens when the lexical items are the same interms of descriptive meaning. Two lexical goods are descriptively Identifiable when they may be substituted for starters another without another affecting in their real truth condition. Descriptive Synonymy in sentences (a)The future can be hidden via us

(b)The future is usually concealed by us

The two phrases above demonstrate that " hidden” " and conceal” have the same truth condition i. at the. where the first is true, the other is likewise true and vice. One more phenomenon that falls within purview of Synonymy is the extension of synonymy to protect lexical items which are syntagmaticaly joined to equate or be identifiable with a one lexical item for example , half truths to be associated with men adult boeotian animal and vixen: intended for " woman fox. The situation here is the native speaker's cannot substitute for example, female for vixen due to the guideline of regular interchangeability. There is context: - Dependent synonymy where two items is very much synonymous in a particular circumstance. For instance, lamb and ewe in the word

The ………… is nourishing its lamb.

Either word can easily fit into. " The space where lamb is used, the feminity can be implied by " feeding”. If it is ewe that is used, similar meaning is definitely passed across.

(3)Hyponymy: Lexical items might be related by the meaning of one including or perhaps excluding regarding...

References: (1) Agbedo, C. U. (2000) Basic Linguistic: A great Introductory Visitor,

Nsukka: EXPERT Resources Konsult

(2) Akwanya, A. N (2004) Semantics and Discourse: Theories of meaning and Calcado Analysis, Enugu: Acene Publishers

(3) Lyons, L (1968) Introduction to theoretical Llinguistic, Cambridge: C. U. S

(4) Ullman, T (1957) The guidelines of semantics, Oxford: Blackwell